1946 - Jackie Robinson

On April 18, 1946, Jackie Robinson plays his first game for the Montreal Royals of the Class AAA International League, becoming the first Black player in modern “organized” baseball. Robinson would later graduate to the Major Leagues, where he would be a six-time all-star. Robinson was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962 and is the only player in Major League Baseball history to have his number retired by all 30 teams.

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On November 8th, 1946, Halifax, Nova Scotia’s Viola Desmond sits in the “White-only” section of a theatre in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia. She is dragged out of the theatre by police and later charged with defrauding the Government of Nova Scotia of the difference in the tax between a ground floor (White-only) and balcony seat, which amounted to one cent. Desmond, who believed she was mistreated due to her race, stood up for her rights and took the charges to court. This energized public opinion both locally and internationally. Her case, which she did not win, was instrumental in raising awareness about the reality of Canadian segregation.

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